Machu Picchu: 100 years of a new life
2011 in Peru was called the year of Machu Picchu, because 100 years ago this amazing world’s wonder was found. Until that moment the ancient Inca city which consists of two hundred buildings had been a secret from the rest of the world. Nobody expected that at the top of the ridge at an altitude of 2,450 meters above the sea level professor Hiram Bingham with a group of American researchers would find an architectural heritage of ancient civilization. Since then, there were many disputes between the Peruvian Government and the representatives of Yale University about the place where artifacts from Machu Picchu should be stored. And only in February 2011 the opponents made a deal and agreed to open a joint research center in Cusco - the neighboring city of Machu Picchu.
Cusco is not only the closest location to Machu Picchu but also the city which unites several other valuable architectural monuments of the Inca civilization around it. Among them are the Sacsayhuaman fortress and town named Ollantaytambo which is very similar to Machu Picchu. Cusco itself has a lot of preserved temples of the colonial period.
July 2011 Peru will celebrate the anniversary of the discovery of Machu Picchu. Moreover, the Ministry of Tourism of Peru has many other plans for this year. According to the Minister Eduardo Ferreyrosa, 8 new destinations will be opened soon in the country. Such attractions as Ruta Moche - the road on which one can admire the wonders of pre-Columbian cultures of South America, monuments of archaeological cultures of Paracas and Nazca will be offered to tourists. Beaches of Peru, the Amazon and Lake Titicaca are also among the facilities which will be developed.